Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658

Oliver Cromwell 1599-1658, important dates in the life of Oliver Cromwell

Important dates in the life and times of Oliver Cromwell

Cromwell Arms

Events in the life of Oliver Cromwell

Date Event

25th April 1599

Oliver is born in Huntingdon.  Its believed his place of birth was The Friars, a house, which along with farmland was given to his father Robert Cromwell, by Sir Henry Cromwell, Oliver’s grandfather and resident of Hinchingbrooke House. Although greatly changed The Friars still stands but is known today as Cromwell House, in the High Street, Huntingdon and is used as a Clinic with the Cromwell family crest over the front door

29th April 1599

Oliver was Christened at St John's Church, Huntingdon as can be seen in the church register.

 

His father was keen to educate Oliver, beginning his tuition under the Reverent W Long of Huntingdon

1610

Attends the Grammar School in Huntingdon, only open to the sons of freemen and burgesses of the township. Here he studied under Thomas Beard (died 1632), the author of ‘The Theatre Of Gods Judgement’.

23rd April 1616

Enters Sidney Sussex College Cambridge, sadly for Oliver the death of his father meant he was only here for 13 months, this is the end of his known education. It is believed that he went to London, where some claim he may have studied law at Lincolns Inn, as his father, uncle, and grandfather had done before him, and later his son Richard

May 1617

Leaves College at the death of his Father

22nd August 1620

Marries Elizabeth Bouchier, daughter of Sir John Bouchier of London and Felsted in Essex, at Saint Giles Church, Cripplegate, Felsted.

1621

His eldest son Robert is born, named the same as his father, sadly he died of smallpox at Felsted School, in 1639.

1623

2nd son Oliver born, died 1648

1624

1st daughter Bridget born

1626

3rd son Richard is born, later to briefly succeed his father as Lord Protector, died 1712

1628

Elected as one of the two members of the borough entitled to sit in parliament

1628

4th son Henry born, died 1711

1629

2nd daughter Elizabeth born

1630

Oliver Cromwell is named as one of the Justice of the Peace for the town in the Governing Charter granted to Huntingdon, but denounced the document as giving too much power to the Crown. This appears to have prompted him to sell his estates in Huntingdon and move to St Ives.

1631

5th son James born, baptised 8th January, buried the next day.

1631

Oliver Cromwell and his family move from Huntingdon to St Ives

1636

Moved to Ely, due to the inheritance from his maternal uncle, Sir Thomas William Steward of Ely.

1636-1637

3rd daughter Mary born, died on 14th March, 1712-1713

1638

4tth daughter Francis born, died 27th January 1720-1721

1640

Oliver Cromwell elected Member of Parliament for Cambridge

1653

Oliver Cromwell made Lord Protector

1655

Death of his wife Elizabeth. She was buried at Northborough on 19th November, 1665

1658

Oliver Cromwell died at Whitehall and was buried in Westminster Abbey

 

 

1901

Statue of Oliver Cromwell erected in St Ives

 

At the time of the Restoration it seems that some trouble was taken to destroy any record of the Lord Protectors existence, we know that one of his signatures was cut from the parish records of St Ives. It would appear from statements that Elizabeth Cromwell lived with her son Oliver, in Whitehall, plus he may of studied at Lincolns Inn, met and married a girl from London, died in London, that this made it easy to destroy the records of his life in the city. Also being a landowner in an area does not automatically mean this is where you reside, perhaps this is the case here. It is difficult to say exactly where he was based during his early years, with many Huntingdonshire areas claiming a connection, but little or no evidence to prove it.